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Prakriti analysis questionnaire

Prakriti Questionaire - ResearchGat

Our constitution or Prakriti is the ratio or interplay of the three doshas that we were born into. Our Prakriti is our true nature and will never change throughout our entire lifetime. Our Prakriti is derived from our unique combination of the three doshas. How predominant or passive each one is is what defines our Prakriti Body Type Test - Step 1 of 4 This online test to find your body type or prakriti is divided into 4 sets of 10 questions each. You may end the test any time after answering any 10 questions out of the total 40 questions. Answering all the questions is recommended for accurate result Prakriti assessment scale; (ii) to analyze whether the participants are able to understand the questions (in lingu istics) and respond appropriatel y or not; (iii) to fin

Jiva Prakriti Analysis - VPK Test Jiva Ayurved

  1. Ayurveda describes seven broad questionnaire is designed on the basis of the explanation constitutional types (Prakritis) each with a varying found in Caraka Samhita, which in turn, is based on the degree of physiological, anatomical and psychological specific attributes (Gunas) of a particular Dosha variations and predisposition to different diseases
  2. ANOVA analysis revealed that the Prakriti groups were not significantly different (p-value: V vs. P - 0.40 ± 0.28; V vs. K - 0.51 ± 0.32 and P vs. K - 0.48 ± 0.29) ; and 205 Prakriti samples.
  3. Introduction: Prakriti is an important basic concept of Ayurveda that describes the constitution of an individual in relation to one's physical, physiological, psychological, and behavioral characters and is an integral constituent of Ayurvedic diagnosis, treatment, and disease prognosis. The description for Prakriti assessment in Ayurvedic classics is mostly subjective and the translations.

Prakriti . When the gametes fuse together inside the uterus, the doṣa that is predominant (in the body & environment at that moment of the union) will influence the zygote, forming the main constitution (Prakṛti) of the human born. This core prakriti never changes. Even if there are vitiations in the body, the inherent nature remains intact a friend ask you the questions and fill in the chart for you, as they may have insight (and impartiality) to offer. After finishing the chart each time, add up the number of marks under vata, pitta and kapha. This will help you discover your own ratio of doshas in your prakruti and vikruti. Most people will have one dosha predominant, a few will have two doshas approximately equal and even. Prakriti analysis is done using a questionnaire that includes several questions related to your lifestyle, physical traits, physiological functioning such as digestion, excretion, moods, nature, etc. An expert Ayurvedic doctor can accurately interpret the answers given to question and determine your body type

Prakriti test is Ayurveda way of analyzing the type of your body or you can say body constitution. Vata, Pitta, kapha. The disease occurs only when there is a change in the body at the physiological or psychological level. After knowing your Prakriti; do's & do not's associated with it, you are less prone to diseases! Know your body type by taking this simple Prakriti test. Then. Prakriti analysis will help you plan a balanced diet; This can help you to know how an imbalance is likely to occur in yourself. The Prakriti diagnosis test given below is a simple test to determine your body composition. Before starting the test please read the following instructions carefully . This test determines your Ayurvedic dosha based on the answers you supply. So answer all questions.

Prakriti assessment. Prakriti was assessed using a multiple-choice questionnaire (Additional file 1: TNMC Prakriti 2004) which was designed on the basis of literature in Ayurvedic texts comprising 37 objective questions related to the person's physical characteristics, psychological make-up and physiological habits (Table 1) While Prakriti may contrast with Vikriti, or imbalance, it is not always clear which is which. This questionnaire explores the extent to which the three Doshas are manifest in your Prakriti. I ask all new clients to complete it as an adjunct to their consultation. It supplements the pulse reading and the responses to the other questionnaires Prakriti assessment Prakriti was assessed using a multiple-choice question-naire (Additional file 1: TNMC Prakriti 2004) which was designed on the basis of literature in Ayurvedic texts comprising 37 objective questions related to the person's physical characteristics, psychological make-up and physiological habits (Table 1). Each of the questions had three options to choose from referring. QUESTIONNAIRE FOR PRAKRITI ANALYSIS; Diary No 430/2004-CO/SW Type of Work) Status: Title QUESTIONNAIRE FOR PRAKRITI ANALYSIS Published No ROC No SW-2284/2005 ROC Date--- Applicant Name [ and Author(s) ] COUNCIL OF SCIENTIFIC & INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH [ ]. AYURVEDIC CONSTITUTION QUESTIONNAIRE Prakriti: Is the natural constitution of the individual. The nature and tendencies you were born with. (So we can look at Prakriti as the birth condition). Vikruti: Is the disturbance of the natural constitution that is most often due to a lifelong process of habits and lifestyle practices that are in opposition to our unique nature. Vikruti is the end.

Prakriti assessment becomes very crucial in this personalized approach but Prakriti assessment result of same individuals is not unanimous all the time, that shows poor reliability results. Tools used for Prakriti assessment i.e. Prakriti assessment proformas itself have so many challenges.We emphasize the use of an objectively defined questionnaire and software analysis in establishing a. Ayurveda's secret to Idenitify Your Personality Revealed HereThe sum of the three doshas—kapha, pitta and vata—which, according to the ayurvedic construct, o.. Download the Document with the Prakruti Analysis Questionnaire. 2. Print a Copy and Tick your answers in the printed copy. 3. Scan the filled in Questionnaire and send it to info@vedic-healing.com. Click to Download the Prakruti Analysis Questionaire. What is Prakruti Analysis. According to Ayurveda, Prakriti or the characteristic personality of an individual is determined by a combination of. Prakriti analysis will help plan a balanced diet; This can help to know likly occurance of qualitative and quantitative imbalance in the body. Prakriti diagnosis test guide lines. This test determines Ayurvedic dosha based on the answers . So answer all questions honestly Our experts will analyze your Prakriti (Body type) on the basis of the details submitted by you. You will receive a detailed Ayurvedic Constitution Analysis report in 2 working day along with the following information. To support this service, we will expect US$ 4.95. You will receive your Prakriti Analysis report within 2 working days. You will get a constitution form immediately after.

Prakriti Analysis - Ayurveda Test to Identify Body Typ

  1. When questions in manasa prakriti assessment where sexual and conflicting emotions are to be assessed ,to which individuals are normally nonresponsive, these objec-tive methods can be adopted .In as-sessment of rajo and tamo kaya , where the sexual attitude and urges of the individual need to be assessed; agreeing or disagreeing to a question is a challenging task. In such cases ob-jective.
  2. istered at 1 time point and diagnosis was compared to other Prakriti assessment tools, unlike in our study in which we measured test-retest reliability of each questionnaire to itself over 2 time points, 1-month apart. Statistical analysis for our study was carried out similarly to Kurande et al., weighting each class of diagnosis type and using.
  3. Prakriti, questionnaire, assessment, standardization INTRODUCTION: AYURVEDA, the science of life that emerged 5000 years back, provides a broad knowledge on how one should live, explaining the physiological and biological aspect of human being, different modalities of surgery, the variant form of human constitutions, the usage of herbs and many other techniques for maintaining and achieving.

Please follow these particular guidelines to get the most out of this self-assessment: Remain honest with all your answers. Choose according to your current conditions, and not what you want it to be. Choose the options that you are experiencing over a long period. There are 24 simple questions that one has to answer. The test does not however substitute direct counseling with a physician. Assessment of individual constitution (prakriti) has been an important basic construct of the Ayurveda system of medicine.The AyuSoft prakriti diagnostic tool has been extensively used in Ayurveda research. However, we could not find any literature regarding reliability of a prakriti diagnostic tool in patients with psychiatric conditions. . One hundred and twelve patients (M = 70) suffering. of any patient, we generally use prakriti assessment proforma/questionnaire. We find too many questionnaires for assessing prakriti but no questionnaire is exactly similar to another of its kind. has described various physical features of different kinds of prakriti. Here is an attempt to compile these features. But it needs deep knowledge to explore the actual meaning of words written in. Permutation analysis also helped us to test if there exists any coupling between the features of the questionnaire data with respect to Prakriti groups. A similar analysis was carried out on all samples to test whether non-extreme samples were indeed a mixture of the constituent Prakriti types The recent advances in the fields of genomics, personalized medicine, and Ayurveda have motivated many researchers to look at the relationship between Prakriti (phenotype-based Ayurveda constitution) and various objective biological parameters. As

Prakriti analysis

Keywords: Prakriti, questionnaire, children, physical characteristic In the Ayurveda, susceptibility to a disease as well as selection of a preventive and curative regime is primarily based on phenotypic assessment of a person which includes one's body constitution termed Prakriti. A basic feature of the theory and practice of Ayurveda is the classification of human beings into three Dosha. Their prakriti analysis was done using standardized, validated questionnaire and were divided into Vata-Pitta (n = 16) and Pitta-Kapha (n = 20) groups. The assessment of lipid profile was done in fasting blood samples before and after 12 weeks of yoga training. Data were analyzed using paired t-test and independent t-test. Results: After yoga intervention, the result of within group comparison.

a friend ask you the questions and fill in the chart for you, as they may be more impartial. Add up the number of marks under vāta, pitta and kapha to calculate the ratio of doshas in your vikruti compared to your prakruti. For instance, if your prakruti is V 2 P 3 K 1 but your vikruti shows a ratio of V 2 P 4 K 1 this indicates high pitta. This will help you discover your own ratio of doshas. This study was conducted to develop and validate a questionnaire for the assessment of preventive practices against COVID-19 in the general population. It was done following a standardized protocol involving questionnaire development through literature review, focused group discussions, in-depth interviews, expert opinion, and pre-testing. This was followed by the validation of the. Prakriti, for its tangible impacts upon decision making in Ayurvedic clinical practice, requires a thorough and fool-proof method of examination.Conventional methods adopted for Prakriti examination are found inconsistent with huge inter- and intra-rater inference variability. By observing the gaps in the field, the present study aims to develop a prototype Prakriti analysis tool and its. Prakriti assessment by questionnaire Correlating Prakriti methods with other phenotyping methods Unit 3: Title: Anagatbadhapratishedha: Personalised preventive diet and lifestyle regimen. Weeks 4 and 5 : 2hrs lectures each week Ayurvedic concept of Nutrition; Seasonal & daily regimen including diet management for health maintenance: Influences of diet, environment, seasons, life style, age on. Prakriti is the predominance of either of a dosha and can be found out with an assessment. Get Your Free Personalised Lifestyle Guide. Prakriti is assessed by a simple questionnaire that is designed based on Ayurvedic literature. Each of the options pertains to either of the three doshas - VPK. Prakriti Parikshan will help in individualizing therapies to heal oneself. Significance Of Knowing.

ABC Questionnaire. e prakriti assessment question-naire is a questionnaire for self-assessment. As no standard questionnaire is available for prakriti ,wedevelopedanew questionnaire in a simple, everyday language. e question-naire consisted of a total of seventy-ve items, comprising twenty- ve items relating to each of the three dosha types vata , pitta, and kapha types. Each item was composed. Questionnaire d'analyse de votre constitution ayurvédique Nom et prénom : Age : Avant de commencer Votre constitution ayurvédique que l'on nomme prakriti, vous a été donnée par vos parents lors de votre conception. Elle ne changera jamais (c'est pour la vie). En revanche ce qui peu changer c'est votre état de déséquilibre, qui est appelée vikriti. Ces déséquilibres se.

This study assesses the interrater reliability of Ayurvedic pulse ( nadi ), tongue ( jivha ), and body constitution ( prakriti ) assessments. Fifteen registered Ayurvedic doctors with 3-15 years of experience independently examined twenty healthy subjects. Subjects completed self-assessment questionnaires and software analyses for <i>prakriti</i> assessment asking questions regarding appetite, likes-dislikes, exercise, mental strength and diseases. For this, a prakriti assessment questionnaire was prepared using Ayurveda Samhita refer- ences which describe detailed lakshanas (characteristics) of prakriti (Rotti et al. 2014). 2.4 Sample collection A questionnaire was filled during sample collection, seeking answers to questions regarding use of.

Questionaire (For Prakriti Analysis

The questionnaire for the Ayurveda Test from Euroved was developed by Dr. Harsha Gramminger on the basis of traditional transmissions. The questions address various physical, mental, and emotional aspects. The possible responses can each be assigned to one dosha. An Ayurveda test as a questionnaire cannot replace a detailed medical history (anamnesis) acquired by an experienced Ayurveda doctor. updates international indexed journal peer reviewed monthly print journal double reviewed refereed & referred international journal journal promoted by indian society for health and advanced researc We emphasize the use of an objectively defined questionnaire and software analysis in establishing a prakriti assessment, a method which yields more reliable results. With respect to clinical research into Ayurveda, if the body constitution assessment is to be included as an inclusion or exclusion criterion, it is necessary to establish its reliability. For all three diagnostic methods, the. The first 150 students from this list were administered with the self-assessment questionnaire to assess Prakriti after obtaining their written consent to participate in the study. This population included those freshly registered students who had no idea regarding the Prakriti ( n = 55) and also those who had studied Prakriti thoroughly in their course of studies ( n = 95)

Their prakriti analysis was done using standardized, validated questionnaire and were divided into Vata-Pitta (n = 16) and Pitta-Kapha (n = 20) groups. The assessment of lipid profile was done in fasting blood samples before and after 12 weeks of yoga training. Data were analyzed using paired t-test and independent t-test. Results. After yoga intervention, the result of within group comparison. A questionnaire for clinical phenotyping was designed on the basis of Ayurvedic literature on phenotypes and methods of Prakriti assessment (see Additional File 1). The phenotypic classification, broadly, takes into account criteria for defining anatomical features like body built, body frame, size and symmetry of body parts, physiology, physical endurance and aptitudes. Besides, the. Maanas Prakriti; Dhaatusaarataa . Questionnaire: Extensive questionnaire specific to age group and gender. It covers history, anatomical, physiological, psychological assessment with practical options to each question . Validation of Tool: Validated tool through multi-centric national level trials . Result: Subgroups specific quantitative analysis for better understanding of constitution.

Prakriti Quiz - Amaved

  1. Here you can get a FREE analysis of your skin and hair simply by answering the Vedix Dosha Questionnaire. The Vedix Quiz will evaluate your current Doshas, based on which our team will suggest customised hair care and skin care regimen that addresses your hair and skin needs and concerns
  2. Our experts will analyze your Body type (Prakriti) on the basis of the details submitted by you. You will receive a detailed Ayurveda Constitution Analysis report in 2 working days along with the following information. To support this service, we will expect US$ 4.90. You will receive your Body type (Prakriti) Analysis report within 2 working days
  3. ed physical and mental constitution of an individual. Every person has his/her own unique constitution which deter

D'un point de vue ayurvédique, la première étape d'un traitement consiste à identifier la constitution naturelle d'une personne selon le dosha. Dosha Forces vitales principales du corps ou humeurs biologiques au nombre de trois : Vata : air,énergie du mouvement. Pitta : feu, énergie de la transformation. Kapha : terre, énergie de. Currently we could not find a scholarship for the Ayurveda - Prakriti - Dosha Body Type Analysis And Advice course, but there is a $7 discount from the original price ($19.99). So the current price is just $12.99 6. Preparing reports based on analysis and presenting them to management. Who can apply. Only those candidates can apply who: 1. are available for the work from home job/internship. 2. can start the work from home job/internship between 29th Aug'21 and 3rd Oct'21. 3. are available for duration of 2 months. 4. have relevant skills and interests Apply to Data Analytics work from home job/internship at Prakriti Textiles on Internshala for free. Selected intern's day-to-day responsibilities include: 1. Studying, implementing, and experimenting with new ideas 2. Participating in periodic research review discussions 3. Working with MS Excel & SQL to create data, and analyze the same for patterns and insights 3. Performing initial analysis.

Pin en AyurbebehPrakriti Analysis Men - Personalized & Customized Diet PlansAbout Doshas I Ayurveda in Hobart by Deep Ayurveda

Ayurveda Body Type Prakriti Analysis - Ayurveda Test to

prakriti assessment chart pdf Posted February 8, 2021 Of Find out your Ayurvedic body type. The thorough Dosha Quiz by Banyan Botanicals gives you personalized health tips for balancing the doshas - vata, pitta, and kapha. Results connect you with an extensive library of educational videos and content. Get started Topics: LCC:Medicine (General), LCC:R5-920, LCC:Medicine, LCC:R, DOAJ:Medicine (General), DOAJ:Health Science link to this coursehttps://click.linksynergy.com/deeplink?id=Gw/ETjJoU9M&mid=39197&murl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.udemy.com%2Fcourse%2Fayurveda-prakriti-body-type-kn..

(PDF) Development of Standardized Prakriti Assessment Tool

6. Preparing reports based on analysis and presenting them to management. Who can apply. Only those candidates can apply who: 1. are available for the work from home job/internship. 2. can start the work from home job/internship between 5th Sep'21 and 10th Oct'21. 3. are available for duration of 2 months. 4. have relevant skills and interests Assessment of Prakriti We have used the Self-assessment questionnaire origi-nally prepared by Kishor Patwardhan and Rashmi Sharma, modified by Piyush Kumar Tripathi, Kishor Patwardhan, and Girish Singh, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.8 The questionnaire has been alread For this, a prakriti assessment questionnaire was prepared using Ayurveda Samhita references which describe detailed lakshanas (characteristics) of prakriti (Rotti et al. 2014). Sample collection. A questionnaire was filled during sample collection, seeking answers to questions regarding use of antibiotics, general health status, and sanitary.

We are all different in our skin colour, languages, interests, brain functions, body features etc. But there are some commonalities in us which enables the science to categorize us. This categorization is called Prakriti in Ayurveda, the ancient Indian system of healthcare, written 5,000 years ago! The categorization made in Prakriti are relevant and beneficial [ That is why bodies look so different. Prakriti means one's psychosomatic constitution or mind-body type. If you were to see an Ayurvedic doctor, she/he would also start by establishing your Prakriti, for your Prakriti is your blueprint to a thriving life. If every individual knows his own constitution, then one can understand, for instance, what is a good diet and style of life for oneself. Data Science work from home job/internship at Prakriti Textiles. Applications are closed for this internship on Jul 13, 2021. 1. Working on building efficient, user-friendly reports and analysis that link to strategic objectives. 2. Designing and building comprehensive business performance metrics. 3 Take The Vedix Dosha Assessment Questionnaire. Answer simple questions about your hair, skin and wellness to help us assess your Unique Dosha Profile. 02. Get An Ayurvedic Doctor-Approved Dosha Analysis. The Vedix certified team of Ayurvedic doctors ensure that the ingredients that go into your custom regimen match your inputs given in the Vedix Dosha Assessment Questionnaire. 03. Order Your.

(PDF) Assessment of Prakriti to maintain the health

Health Analysis & Prakriti Parikshan over phone - (30 mins) - INR 250/-This consultation is perfect for someone who is healthy in general but feels the need to achieve much more in terms of other health parameters like energy, immunity, mindfulness & work life balance, which otherwise are often ignored. Here the emphasis will be on sustainable health & introducing positive long-term habits. PRAKRITI PARIKSHAN (CONSTITUTIONAL DOSHA ANALYSIS) Questionnaire Name- _____ Age- _____ Gender- ____

Genome-wide analysis correlates Ayurveda Prakriti

PRAKRITI: A SELF-ASSESSMENT QUESTIONNAIRE Here is an effort to make assessment of Prakriti. Certain questions can have more than one answer; This test does not purport to substitute an Ayurvedic physician's direct examination and counseling. Completing both tests may take up to 30 minutes. At the end of the entire exercise, you will get to know your Prakriti Analysis or Body Profile as seen by Indian Ayurveda. You can take a print of.

Development of Standardized Prakriti Assessment Tool: An

The first step in applying Ayurvedic principles and treatments to assist in any health conditions is to determine your constitutional body type (Prakriti) or Ayurveda body type.. The Dosha Test questionnaire acts as a guideline to determining your constitutional type. However, to attain an accurate constitutional diagnosis it is best to consult with an Ayurvedic practitioner Although the objective behind developing questionnaire/tool is to bring objectivity, many aspects of Prakriti assessment fall in the realm of subjectivity. To overcome the issue of subjective interpretation of questions and the prejudice while answering certain questions, majority of the existing tools make it necessary for a researcher to take a detailed interview of each participant, examine. Tag Archives: prakriti analysis How Personality Assessment Helps Evaluating Your Personality. May15. If you are not fully acquainted with yourself, you may not face the problem now. With the help of introspection, career counseling, and aptitude tests you will get the right direction. Besides finding a good career option for you, these personality tests will help you evaluate yourself better. designed case proforma with assessment and questionnaire [Sushrutha Prakriti Inventory Questionnaire (SPI-Q) Part-1] for non-physical characteristics with 90 questions was used. The following WHO diagnostic criteria for Diabetes Mellitus was considered. Fasting plasma glucose >126mg/dL or Random plasma glucose>200mg/dL or 2- hour plasma glucose > 200mg/dL along with Prabhuta Mootrata.

Flowchart for the permutation-type test for computing P

Prakriti Analysis Mā Śucaḥ Āyuṣhkendra (MSA

Genome-wide analysis correlates Ayurveda Prakriti PeriyasamyGovindaraj1,*, SheikhNizamuddin1,*, AnugulaSharath1, Pitta and Kapha) defined as Prakriti. To the best of our knowledge, no study has convincingly correlated genomic variations with the classification of Prakriti. In the present study, we performed genome-wide SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) analysis (Affymetrix, 6.0) Europe PMC is an archive of life sciences journal literature Ayurveda Dosha Test by Ayur Times is comprehensive and free. It provides you information about each dosha proportion in your body. Your body has a different proportion of each dosha. Dietary and herbal changes according to single dosha are always unhealthy. You need to consider each dosha proportion and select food and herbs affecting each. L'analyse du pouls est l'un des façons les plus fiables pour déterminer la constitution d'une personne. Toutefois, cette technique demande de la pratique et une certaine dextérité. Encore aujourd'hui, je ne me base pas seulement sur l'analyse du pouls d'une personne pour déterminer sa prakriti, je vais confirmer le résultat de mon analyse par une autre méthode. Il est trop. Prakriti Analysis is important to understand our constitution as Ayurveda has explained the food and lifestyle as per individual constitution to maintain our Prakriti & stay away from Vikriti (Disease) .It is also helpful in Diagnosis of patient in Ayurveda. There is a simple test to Know Your Prakriti .To get most accurate result ,answer with honesty as no any Prakriti is good or bad.Mention.

Prakriti analysis is done using a questionnaire that includes several questions related to your lifestyle, physical traits, physiological functioning such as digestion, excretion, moods, nature, etc. An expert Ayurvedic doctor can accurately interpret the answers given to question and determine your body type. Start Test Now! Latest News. SuAyu: Excellence and purity of nature at your doorstep. Prakriti Analysis of COVID 19 Patients: An Observational Study: Abstract: Rationale & Objective: The concept of Prakriti is unique to Ayurveda, which is used for deciding the preventive and curative strategy to be adopted in the treatment of patients. It is the total of anatomical, physiological, and psychological domains of an individual. The. The validated instrument CCRAS Prakriti assessment scale has been applied to the COVID 19 positive patients admitted between 16 May 2020 to 10 June 2020 at COVID hospital. Result. Data of 117 patients aged 10 to 80 years have been analyzed. The ratio of male-female patients was 1.8:1. Most patients belonged to Vata-KaphaPrakriti (27%).Individuals with their Prakriti found in order of frequency. A careful and appropriate analysis leads to an effective treatment. To collect a meaningful data set, a questionnaire with 28 different characteristics is validated by Ayurveda experts. Authors calculate Cronbach alpha of VATT-Dosha, PITT-Dosha and KAPH-Dosha as 0.94, 0.98 and 0.98, respectively to check the reliability of the questionnaire. Authors analyzed questionnaires of 807 healthy.

Vata pitta person - vata, pitta eller kapha? lHEALTH: Ayurveda Body TypeSusan Harter Scale | Self Concept | Validity (Statistics)

After you complete an assessment you will see the results from your answers and the information will always be available through My Account. e-mail address* confirm your e-mail* enter a password* name. Want our top Ayurvedic recipes and health tips? Click YES to subscribe to our newsletter! (find out more . Frequency: You'll receive our most popular Ayurvedic health tips every day for a week. Ayurveda - Prakriti - Dosha Body Type Analysis And Advice in General Health, Health & Fitnes Please answer the questions based on how you've been or felt generally throughout your life, rather than how you're currently feeling. For example, if you've had a thin build throughout most of your life but have recently put on weight - please choose the option saying you have a thin build. Back Next Till my early adulthood, physically, in comparison to people of my age, I have always. An individual's prakriti assessment was done with a validated questionnaire and cross verified by clinical examination by Ayurvedic physician. To eliminate bias the results of Prakriti assessment through questionnaire was not revealed to the Ayurvedic physician. Limitations of the study being small sample size, less diversified selection of participants and a large percentage of participants.